Changes the position of batch parameters in a batch file.
For examples of how to use this command, see Examples.
shift [/n <N>]
Specifies to start shifting at the Nth argument, where N is any value from 0 to 8. Requires command extensions, which are enabled by default.
Displays help at the command prompt.
- The shift command changes the values of the batch
parameters %0 through %9 by copying each parameter
into the previous one—the value of %1 is copied to
%0, the value of %2 is copied to %1, and so
on. This is useful for writing a batch file that performs the same
operation on any number of parameters.
- If command extensions are enabled, the shift command
supports the /n command-line option. The /n option
specifies to start shifting at the Nth argument, where N is
any value from 0 to 8. For example, SHIFT /2 would shift
%3 to %2, %4 to %3, and so on, and
leave %0 and %1 unaffected. Command extensions are
enabled by default.
- You can use the shift command to create a batch file
that can accept more than 10 batch parameters. If you specify more
than 10 parameters on the command line, those that appear after the
tenth (%9) will be shifted one at a time into %9.
- The shift command has no effect on the %* batch
- There is no backward shift command. After you implement
the shift command, you cannot recover the batch parameter
(%0) that existed before the shift.
The following lines from a sample batch file called Mycopy.bat demonstrate how to use shift with any number of batch parameters. In this example, Mycopy.bat copies a list of files to a specific directory. The batch parameters are represented by the directory and file name arguments.
@echo off rem MYCOPY.BAT copies any number of files rem to a directory. rem The command uses the following syntax: rem mycopy dir file1 file2 ... set todir=%1 :getfile shift if "%1"=="" goto end copy %1 %todir% goto getfile :end set todir= echo All done