Windows Deployment Services is a server role that enables you to remotely deploy Windows operating systems. You can use it to set up new computers by using a network-based installation. This means that you do not have to install each operating system directly from a CD or DVD. To use Windows Deployment Services, you should have a working knowledge of common desktop deployment technologies and networking components, including Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), Domain Name System (DNS), and Active Directory Domain Services.
You can use the Windows Deployment Services Step-by-Step Guide (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=84628), which will lead you through installing this role, adding images, configuring the server, and then installing an image. It also includes instructions for how to perform more advanced tasks such as multicasting your images, creating your own images, and configuring an unattended installation.
This is a subset of the documentation available online at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=134776.
Quick start checklist
To get up and running quickly, perform the following steps.
Configure the server.
Add the default images (Install.wim and Boot.wim) that are included on the installation DVD (in the \Sources folder).
Install an operating system.
Tools for managing Windows Deployment Services
There are two tools that you can use to manage your server. For procedures for common tasks, see How to Perform Common Tasks (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=143204).
- Windows Deployment Services MMC
snap-in . A Microsoft Management Console (MMC) that provides an
easy way to manage images, computers, and common server settings.
You can perform almost all tasks from the MMC snap-in (for
example, you cannot prestage client computers or manage .vhd
images). Note that the snap-in is not available when you install
only the Transport Server role service.
- WDSUTIL command-line tool. A tool that
enables you to manage the full functionality of the server. WDSUTIL
also enables you to script common tasks. Simple batch files can run
the required commands because the commands do not require an
interactive user session.
Windows Deployment Services provides the following benefits:
- Allows network-based installation of Windows
operating systems, which reduces the complexity and cost when
compared to manual installations.
- Supports mixed environments including
Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 through Windows 7 and
Windows Server 2008 R2.
- Uses standard Windows Setup technologies
including Windows Preinstallation Environment (Windows PE),
.wim files, and image-based setup.
- Transmits data and images by using multicast
- Allows you to create images of a reference
computer using the Image Capture Wizard, which is an alternative to
the ImageX tool. For more information, see the “Creating Custom
Install Images” section of Creating Images (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=115311).
- Allows you to add driver packages to the
server and configure them to be deployed to client computers along
with the install image. In addition, you can add driver packages
(such as network adapter drivers, mass storage drivers, and bus
drivers) to your Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 boot images.
For more information, see Managing Driver
- Allows you to deploy virtual hard disk (.vhd)
images as part of an automated deployment. For more information,
Virtual Hard Disk Images.