Network Policy Server
Network Policy Server (NPS) allows you to create and enforce organization-wide network access policies for client health, connection request authentication, and connection request authorization. In addition, you can use NPS as a Remote Authentication Dial-In User Service (RADIUS) proxy to forward connection requests to a server running NPS or other RADIUS servers that you configure in remote RADIUS server groups.
NPS allows you to centrally configure and manage network access authentication, authorization, and client health policies with the following three features:
- RADIUS server. NPS performs
centralized authentication, authorization, and accounting for
wireless, authenticating switch, remote access dial-up and virtual
private network (VPN) connections. When you use NPS as a RADIUS
server, you configure network access servers, such as wireless
access points and VPN servers, as RADIUS clients in NPS. You also
configure network policies that NPS uses to authorize connection
requests, and you can configure RADIUS accounting so that NPS logs
accounting information to log files on the local hard disk or in a
Microsoft SQL Server database. For more information, see RADIUS Server.
- RADIUS proxy. When you use NPS as a
RADIUS proxy, you configure connection request policies that tell
the NPS server which connection requests to forward to other RADIUS
servers and to which RADIUS servers you want to forward connection
requests. You can also configure NPS to forward accounting data to
be logged by one or more computers in a remote RADIUS server group.
For more information, see RADIUS Proxy.
- Network Access Protection (NAP) policy
server. When you configure NPS as a NAP policy server, NPS
evaluates statements of health (SoH) sent by NAP-capable client
computers that want to connect to the network. NPS also acts as a
RADIUS server when configured with NAP, performing authentication
and authorization for connection requests. You can configure NAP
policies and settings in NPS, including system health validators
(SHVs), health policy, and remediation server groups that allow
client computers to update their configuration to become compliant
with your organization's network policy. For more information, see
Protection in NPS.
You can configure NPS with any combination of the preceding features. For example, you can configure one NPS server to act as a NAP policy server using one or more enforcement methods, while also configuring the same NPS server as a RADIUS server for dial-up connections and as a RADIUS proxy to forward some connection requests to members of a remote RADIUS server group for authentication and authorization in another domain.
To configure NPS as a RADIUS server or a NAP policy server, you can use either standard configuration or advanced configuration in the NPS console or in Server Manager. To configure NPS as a RADIUS proxy, you must use advanced configuration.
With standard configuration, wizards are provided to help you configure NPS for the following scenarios:
- NAP policy server
- RADIUS server for dial-up or VPN
- RADIUS server for 802.1X wireless or wired
To configure NPS using a wizard, open the NPS console, select one of the preceding scenarios, and then click the link that opens the wizard.
When you use advanced configuration, you manually configure NPS as a RADIUS server, NAP policy server, or RADIUS proxy. Some wizards are provided to assist you with policy and NAP configuration; however, these wizards are opened from the NPS folder tree in the NPS console rather than from the Getting Started section in the details pane of the console.
To configure NPS by using advanced configuration, open the NPS console, and then click the arrow next to Advanced Configuration to expand this section.
The following advanced configuration items are provided.
Configure RADIUS server
To configure NPS as a RADIUS server, you must configure RADIUS clients, network policy, and RADIUS accounting.
The following Help sections provide the information you need to deploy NPS as a RADIUS server:
Configure NAP policy server
To deploy NAP, you must configure NAP components in addition to configuring RADIUS clients and network policy.
The following Help sections provide the information you need to deploy NPS as a NAP policy server:
Configure RADIUS proxy
To configure NPS as a RADIUS proxy, you must configure RADIUS clients, remote RADIUS server groups, and connection request policies.
The following Help sections provide the information you need to deploy NPS as a RADIUS proxy:
NPS logging is also called RADIUS accounting. Configure NPS logging to your requirements whether NPS is used as a RADIUS server, proxy, NAP policy server, or any combination of the three configurations.
To configure NPS logging, you must configure which events you want logged and viewed with Event Viewer, and then determine which other information you want to log. In addition, you must decide whether you want to log user authentication and accounting information to text log files stored on the local computer or to a SQL Server database on either the local computer or a remote computer.
The following Help sections provide the information you need to deploy RADIUS accounting: