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You might need to stop and restart the Cluster service on a cluster node during some troubleshooting or maintenance operations. When you stop the Cluster service on a node, services or applications on that node will fail over, and the node will stop functioning in the cluster until the Cluster service is restarted.
If you want to leave a particular node functioning so that it supports the services or applications it currently owns, and at the same time prevent additional services and applications from failing over to that node, pause the node (do not stop the Cluster service). For more information, see Pause or Resume a Node in a Failover Cluster.
Membership in the local Administrators group on each clustered server, or equivalent, is the minimum required to complete this procedure. Also, the account you use must be a domain account. Review details about using the appropriate accounts and group memberships at http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=83477.
|To start or stop the Cluster service on a cluster node by using the Windows interface|
In the Failover Cluster Manager snap-in, if the cluster you want to manage is not displayed, in the console tree, right-click Failover Cluster Manager, click Manage a Cluster, and then select or specify the cluster that you want.
If the console tree is collapsed, expand the tree under the cluster you want to manage.
To minimize disruption to clients, before stopping the Cluster service on a node, move the applications that are currently owned by that node to another node. To do this, expand the console tree under the cluster that you want to manage, and then expand Services and Applications. Click each service or application and (in the center pane) view the Current Owner. If the owner is the node on which you want to stop the Cluster service, right-click the service or application, click Move this service or application to another node, and then choose the node. (For an explanation of the Best possible command option, see "Additional considerations" in this topic.)
Expand the console tree under Nodes.
Right-click the node that you want to start or stop, and then click More Actions.
Click the appropriate command:
- To start the service, click Start Cluster
- To stop the service, click Stop Cluster
- To start the service, click Start Cluster Service.
- You can also perform the task described in
this procedure by using Windows PowerShell. For more information
about using Windows PowerShell for failover clusters, see http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=135119 and
- To open the failover cluster snap-in, click
Start, click Administrative Tools, and then click
Failover Cluster Manager. If the User Account Control
dialog box appears, confirm that the action it displays is what you
want, and then click Yes.
- On a cluster with more than two nodes, from
the options next to Move this service or application to another
node, you can choose Best possible. This option has no
effect if you have not configured a Preferred owners list
for the service or application you are moving (in this case, the
node will be chosen randomly). If you have configured a
Preferred owners list, Best possible will move the
service or application to the first available node on the list.
- In the center pane of the Failover Cluster
Manager snap-in, you can view information about the state of a
node. To specifically check whether the Cluster service is running
on a node, right-click the node and click More Actions. On a
node that is started, Start Cluster Service is dimmed, and
on a node that is stopped, Stop Cluster Service is
- If you are using the Node and File Share
Majority quorum option, at least one of the available cluster nodes
must contain a current copy of the cluster configuration before you
can start the cluster. Otherwise, you must force the starting of
the cluster through a particular node. The cluster will then use
the copy of the cluster configuration that is on that node and
replicate it to all other nodes. To force the cluster to start, on
a node that contains a copy of the cluster configuration that you
want to use, open the Failover Cluster Manager snap-in, click the
cluster, and then under Actions (on the right), click
Force Cluster Start. (Under most circumstances, this command
is not available in the Windows interface.)
When you use this command on a given node, the copy of the cluster configuration that is on that node will be treated as the authoritative copy of the configuration and will be replicated to all other nodes.
- The Cluster service performs essential
functions on each cluster node, including managing the cluster
configuration, coordinating with the instances of the Cluster
service running on other nodes, and performing failover